Climate Smart Agriculture
The effects of climate change on agriculture in Africa has become a big concern as it affects crop yields, food security, income and deepens poverty of over 70% of the rural population who depends on agriculture for their livelihood. The urban population depends on the food produced by the rural settlements for living. The rising Urban food prices emanate partially from the climate change phenomena on rural agriculture.
Addressing climate change issues related to agriculture is of extreme importance to the rural economy of Africa including Ghana. In our initiative we use the “Triple win” approach of Climate Smart Agriculture - food security, adaptation and mitigation.
Climate smart agriculture for food security: Sustainably increase of agricultural productivity through improving soil fertility and crop yields through biochar treated NPK organic fertilizer and other nutrient combinations to change soil tilt, soil texture and soil fertility over the short and long term to increase crop yields.
Increase agricultural incomes: through increase yield per farmer fields and marketing efficiency in order to meet food security and livelihood development through improved researched agricultural practices and market support.
Responsible practices: Replacement of open fire burning of biomass in communities by converting biomass to biochar through Elsa Biochar Cook stoves production and deployment to generate tones of biochar for biofertilizer for soil application as a substitute to mitigate emission of greenhouse gasses. 50% of carbon is converted into wood gas for cooking by the farmers while the remaining 50% remains in the char created. The carbon in the biochar stays in the soil and is sequestered as bochar.